Leadership and management are two different concepts. Leaders are always managers. But always managers are not leaders. Management power comes from the organization structure. But leaders emerge from other people. Leader gets powers from subordinates and manager gets power from the organization.
Autocratic versus Democratic Leaders
The leadership could be a continuum reflecting different amounts of employee participation. i.e one leader might be boss centered, another leader might be subordinate centered and third is a mixture of both. Yet, we cannot say what is the best way out of these approaches. Because leaders should respond according to the situational changes. Therefore it depends with the situation.
The reason why leaders become more autocratic is may be due to time constraints, experience and decision making problems. Leaders may be afraid to decentralize the authority because subordinates may have less confidence, experience and lack of expertise. On other hand, centralization of authority may occur if the leader wants to give experience to his subordinates and subordinates with good self-confidence.
Employee Centered and Job Centered Leadership
The leadership grid clearly shows how we can identify our leadership style. This was introduced by Robert Blake and Mouton of University of Texas. This concept is built based on the work of Ohio state and Michigan Studies.
- Organization culture
- Leadership traits
- Nature of the subordinates
- Nature of the given work
Transactional leaders are always hardworking, tolerant and fair minded. They have always commitment to the business organization and work according to schedule. They are concerned about increasing productivity.
- Stating a lofty vision of an imagined future that employees identify with
- Shaping a corporate value system
- Trusting subordinates and earning their complete trust in return